Is bone marrow fat or protein?

Is bone marrow fat or protein?

Bone marrow is high in calories and fat. It also contains protein, vitamin B12, riboflavin, collagen, and conjugated linoleic acid.

What causes bone marrow to stop producing red blood cells?

The most common cause of aplastic anemia is from your immune system attacking the stem cells in your bone marrow. Other factors that can injure bone marrow and affect blood cell production include: Radiation and chemotherapy treatments.

Why am I not making enough red blood cells?

Certain diseases — such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease, Crohn's disease and other acute or chronic inflammatory diseases — can interfere with the production of red blood cells. Aplastic anemia. This rare, life-threatening anemia occurs when your body doesn't produce enough red blood cells.

What if bone marrow doesn't work?

Aplastic anemia happens when bone marrow doesn't produce enough new blood cells throughout the body. Aplastic anemia is an acquired autoimmune disease, which occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy body tissue.

Can you recover from aplastic anemia?

While drug therapy is not a cure for aplastic anemia, it may partially restore blood cell production. However, up to 50 percent of patients relapse or develop other blood-forming malignancies or disorders. The medications also may be given before a stem cell transplant.

How I treat aplastic anemia in elderly?

Immunosuppressive regimens – with anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) associated with cyclosporine-A (CsA), or CsA alone – have been used to treat AA in the elderly, but have been little studied in this population. ATG-CsA regimen is recommended as first line in patients over the age of 60 with severe or very severe AA.

Is aplastic anemia completely curable?

Although not a cure for aplastic anemia, blood transfusions can control bleeding and relieve symptoms by providing blood cells your bone marrow isn't producing.

Can aplastic anemia turn into leukemia?

Individuals affected with acquired aplastic anemia are also at risk that it will evolve into another similar disorder known as myelodysplasia. In a minority of cases, acquired aplastic anemia may eventually develop leukemia.

Who is at risk for aplastic anemia?

People of all ages can develop aplastic anemia. However, it's most common in adolescents, young adults, and the elderly. Men and women are equally likely to have it. The disorder is two to three times more common in Asian countries.

What is the test for aplastic anemia?

Often, the first test used to diagnose aplastic anemia is a complete blood count (CBC). The CBC measures many parts of your blood. This test checks your hemoglobin and hematocrit (hee-MAT-oh-crit) levels. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein in red blood cells.

Is aplastic anemia an autoimmune disease?

Acquired aplastic anemia is usually considered an autoimmune disease . Normally, your immune system attacks only foreign substances. When your immune system attacks your own body, you are said to have an autoimmune disease.

What toxins can cause aplastic anemia?

Many diseases, conditions, and factors can cause aplastic anemia, including: Toxins, such as pesticides, arsenic, and benzene. Radiation and chemotherapy (treatments for cancer). Medicines, such as chloramphenicol (an antibiotic rarely used in the United States).

What is the difference between anemia and aplastic anemia?

Many cases of anemia stem from an iron deficiency. These types of anemia are easily treatable. However, aplastic anemia starts with a bone marrow problem and it is not caused by iron deficiency.

When should you see a hematologist for anemia?

If your primary care physician has recommended that you see a hematologist, it may be because you are at risk for a condition involving your red or white blood cells, platelets, blood vessels, bone marrow, lymph nodes, or spleen. Some of these conditions are: hemophilia, a disease that prevents your blood from clotting.